table of contents Table of contents


Webhooks allow you to POST custom payloads to any endpoint in your own infrastructure or a third party provider. In a nutshell, you can:

  • Create a custom URL by adding in authentication tokens or other secrets.
  • Create a custom payload body using any environment variables and specific instance variables per event. Note: that means that if you are attaching the webhook to a Group, you will be able to access Group-level variables, too.
  • Debug and test the webhook in the editor by sending test messages.

Using variables

webhook jira example

The example above shows a webhook configured to create a Jira ticket on each event. Notice the following:

  • We use the variable JIRA_INSTANCE_URL in the URL. We previously stored this variable in the environment variables section.
  • We use the variable CHECK_ID in the payload. This is one of many event-based variables that will change with each call. See below for the complete list.

In both cases we use the familiar Handlebars templating braces, i.e. {{ }} to insert the variable.

To avoid encoding, you can access your environment variables with triple brackets, i.e. {{{USER_API_KEY}}}

You can use the following event-related variables in both URL and payload.

Variable Description
CHECK_NAME Full name of the check
CHECK_ID The UUID of the check
CHECK_TYPE The check type, i.e. API or BROWSER.
ALERT_TITLE Human readable title, e.g. ‘Check “My API check” has failed’
CHECK_RESULT_ID The UUID of the result that triggered this message
RESPONSE_TIME The reported response time for this result
API_CHECK_RESPONSE_STATUS_CODE The response status code, e.g. 200. Only populated for API checks.
API_CHECK_RESPONSE_STATUS_TEXT The response status text, e.g. “OK”. Only populated for API checks.
RUN_LOCATION The location where the check ran, i.e. “N. California”
RESULT_LINK The full link to the check result
SSL_DAYS_REMAINING How many days remain on the SSL certificate. For ALERT_SSL only.
SSL_CHECK_DOMAIN The domain of the SSL certificate. For ALERT_SSL only.
STARTED_AT The ISO timestamp from when this check run started
TAGS An array of tags assigned to the check. Have a look at our Opsgenie example below on how to render this to a JSON array.
GROUP_NAME The name of the group, if the check belongs to one.

Using Handlebars helpers

We’ve extended the Handlebars templating system with some handy helpers to make our webhooks even more powerful.

helpers description
{{REGION}} Resolves to the AWS region name, i.e. us-east-1.
{{$UUID}} Generates a random UUID/v4, i.e. 9b1deb4d-3b7d-4bad-9bdd-2b0d7b3dcb6d.
{{$RANDOM_NUMBER}} Generates a random decimal number between 0 and 1000, i.e. 345.
{{moment}} Generates a date or time using moment.js and allows for formatting:

  • {{moment "YYYY-MM-DD"}} generates a date, i.e. 2020-08-26
  • {{moment "2 days ago" "YYYY-MM-DD"}} generates the date two days ago: 2020-08-24
  • {{moment "last week" "X"}} generates a UNIX timestamp from last week: 1597924480

A practical example of using the {{moment}} helper would be setting the pagination options on a typical API endpoint:

 GET{{moment "last week" "X"}}&to={{moment "X"}}

You can find the full list of helpers in the file of the underlying library we are using. For a full overview of date formatting option, check the moment.js docs.

You can also use conditional helpers like {{#eq}} statements. Here is an example:

  "message": "Check is {{#eq ALERT_TYPE 'ALERT_FAILURE'}}DOWN{{/eq}} {{#eq ALERT_TYPE 'ALERT_RECOVERY'}}UP{{/eq}}"

The above webhook body uses the {{#eq}} helper to execute the logic

If the ALERT_TYPE variable equals ‘ALERT_FAILURE’, print ‘DOWN’, if it equals ‘ALERT_RECOVERY’ print ‘UP’

So in the case of a failure event, the body would render to:

  "message": "Check is DOWN"

Two clear benefits here:

  • You only need to create one webhook to inform a 3rd party system.
  • You can translate Checkly terms to your 3rd party tool’s term for the same concept, i.e. the “up status” of a check.

You can find the full list of helpers in the file of the underlying library we are using.

Webhook secrets

You can validate each webhook we deliver to your endpoint(s). Using the optional webhook secret, you can:

  1. Check if the webhook was sent by Checkly.
  2. Check if the payload was not altered in any way during transmission.

When you create a webhook secret, we proceed to use that secret token to cryptographically sign the webhook payload using the SHA256 hash algorithm. We add the resulting hash to the HTTP header x-checkly-signature on each webhook.

On the receiving end, you can then use the value of the x-checkly-signature header to assert the validity and authenticity of the webhook and its payload.

Have a look at the code examples below on how to use the header and your favourite web framework.

// We store the webhook secret in an environment variable called CHECKLY_WEBHOOK_SECRET
const app = require('express')();
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const crypto = require('crypto');

function isVerifiedPayload (payload, signature) {
  const secret = process.env.CHECKLY_WEBHOOK_SECRET
  const hmac = crypto.createHmac('sha256', secret)
  const digest = hmac.update(payload).digest('hex')
  return crypto.timingSafeEqual(Buffer.from(digest), Buffer.from(signature))
}'/webhook', bodyParser.json({ type: 'application/json' }), (request, response) => {

  const signature = request.headers['x-checkly-signature'];
  const payload = JSON.stringify(request.body)

  if (isVerifiedPayload(payload, signature)) {
    console.log('Signature is valid')
  } else {
    console.error('Signature does not match')

app.listen(4242, () => console.log('Running on port 4242'));
# We store the webhook secret in an environment variable called CHECKLY_WEBHOOK_SECRET
require 'sinatra'

set :port, 4242

post '/webhook' do
  signature = request.env['HTTP_X_CHECKLY_SIGNATURE']
  payload =
  digest = OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest('sha256'), ENV['CHECKLY_WEBHOOK_SECRET'], payload)

  if Rack::Utils.secure_compare(digest, signature)  	
    status 200
    status 400
# This example assumes you use Django
import hmac
from hashlib import sha256

from django.conf import settings
from django.http import HttpResponse, HttpResponseBadRequest
from django.views.decorators.csrf import csrf_exempt
from django.utils.encoding import force_bytes
import json

def webhook(request):
    signature = request.META.get('HTTP_X_CHECKLY_SIGNATURE')
    mac ='utf-8'), msg=request.body, digestmod=sha256)
    if not hmac.compare_digest(mac.hexdigest(), signature):
        return HttpResponseBadRequest()

    return HttpResponse()

Webhook retries

Checkly will retry your webhook up to 5 times if we get an HTTP response higher than 399, e.g. a 404 or 503. Each retry is backed off 20 seconds for a total retry period of 5 * 20 = 100 seconds.

This means that for checks on a 1 minute schedule, there is a potential overlap between a failure alert and recovery alert. For this reason every webhook we send has a timestamp in the x-checkly-timestamp header. You can use this timestamp on the receiving end to ignore any webhooks that come in “late”.

Webhook examples

The following examples give an idea how to integrate Checkly with 3rd party alerting and issue tracking systems.


You can create an OpsGenie alert by POST-ing the following body

  "message": "{{ALERT_TITLE}}",
  "description": "{{ALERT_TYPE}} <br>{{STARTED_AT}} ({{RESPONSE_TIME}}ms) <br>{{RESULT_LINK}}",
  "tags": [{{#each TAGS}} "{{this}}" {{#unless @last}},{{/unless}} {{/each}}]

to the OpsGenie alerts API endpoint


Or you can add the OpsGenie API key in the headers, e.g.

Authorization: GenieKey {{OPSGENIE_API_KEY}}

This is an example of a full alert body:

  "message": "{{ALERT_TITLE}}",
  "description": "{{ALERT_TYPE}}: {{CHECK_NAME}} <br>{{STARTED_AT}} ({{RESPONSE_TIME}}ms) <br>{{RESULT_LINK}}",
  "responders": [
  "tags": ["Critical", "Production"],
  "note": "Location: {{RUN_LOCATION}}"

In case you would like different teams to be responsible for different Check Groups, you could add a CHECK_GROUP_TEAM variable with a different value for each Group, then modify the above snippet with the following:

"responders": [


Given an existing service on your PagerDuty account, create an incident for it by posting the following body

  "incident": {
    "type": "incident",
    "title": "{{ALERT_TITLE}}",
    "service": {
      "type": "service_reference"
    "body": {
      "type": "incident_body",
      "details": "Check {{CHECK_NAME}} with ID {{CHECK_ID}} has failed from location {{RUN_LOCATION}}. See check result for details: {{RESULT_LINK}}"

to You will need to set the following headers:

pagerduty incident headers


Send a message using Pushover by posting this body:

  "message":"{{ALERT_TYPE}} <br>{{STARTED_AT}} ({{RESPONSE_TIME}}ms) <br>{{RESULT_LINK}}"


You can create a Trello card using just the URL and no payload:{{TRELLO_KEY}}&token={{TRELLO_TOKEN}}&name={{CHECK_NAME}}

SSL alert

You can send your SSL alerts using webhooks. Using the following body:

  "message": "{{ALERT_TITLE}}",

Will yield the following output, where we customize the ALERT_TITLE to include the domain and the days remaining till your certificate expires.

  "message": "The SSL certificate for will expire in 14 days",
  "link": ""


You can configure a webhook to POST to a JavaScript snippet running in a Twilio Function. This code receives the Checkly webhook JSON, then triggers a Twilio “Flow execution”:

//"From" is the sender phone number
//"To" is the receiver phone number
exports.handler = async function (context, event, callback) {
  const { From, To, Event, Link } = event;
  const client = context.getTwilioClient();
  try {
    const execution = await
      .create({ to: To, from: From, parameters: { Event, Link } })
    console.log(`Created execution ${execution.sid}`);
    return callback(null, "OK");
  } catch (error) {
    return callback(error);


A webhook can be used to create a new issue on Jira via the Jira API, for example in the case of a previously passing check that switches to failing state.

We will be creating a POST request to {{JIRA_INSTANCE_URL}}/rest/api/2/issue, where the content of your JIRA_INSTANCE_URL environment variable would look something like

The required headers will be:

Authorization: <YOUR_JIRA_BASIC_AUTH>
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json

An example body could look as follows:

  "fields": {
    "description": "{{RESULT_LINK}}",
    "issuetype": {
      "id": "10001" // your Jira issue type id
    "labels": [
    "project": {
      "key": "ABC" // your Jira project key
    "summary": "{{ALERT_TITLE}}"

Last updated on March 25, 2024. You can contribute to this documentation by editing this page on Github